Academic assignments may require a certain type(s) of source(s). Always double check before you actually begin your research.
"Academic" or "Research"
Popular Newspaper & Magazines
"General" or "Journalistic"
|Authors are named and usually affiliated with an institution.||Authors are potentially anonymous.|
|Authors are subject matter experts.||Authors are journalists.|
|Articles are peer-reviewed.||Articles are not peer-reviewed.|
|Citation lists are lengthy and extensive.||Citation lists are little to non-existent.|
|Advertisements are limited.||Advertisements are everywhere.|
|Articles are lengthy and very detailed.||Articles are shorter and focus on general points.|
|Issues are published on a less frequent basis (semi-annually, quarterly, monthly).||Issues are published frequently (daily, weekly, monthly).|
|Target audiences are professionals, academics, and students.||Target audiences are the general public.|
|Titles typically include words like bulletin, journal, or review.||Titles do not typically include words like bulletin, journal, or review.
Except "The Wall Street Journal," which is not a scholarly publication.
What are primary sources?
Primary sources are first-hand accounts. These sources did directly witness what happened or participate in an event. For example, witnesses create original documents like the Constitution or watched events like the Lindsey football team winning their first championship.
Check out the library's in-house archives and special collections department for primary sources for materials dating back to the 1860s!
What are secondary sources?
Secondary sources are second-hand accounts. These sources did not directly witness what happened or participate in an event. For example, visitors to the Corvette Museum learn about the sinkhole that happened there in 2014. They share their knowledge with friends and family because they learned about it *from a primary source*, which is the museum.
For additional information, check out these online guides:
The Library has two departments with resources available that are considered primary sources.
1) Archives & Special Collections
2) Government Documents
Katie Murrell Library is a congressionally designated depository for U.S. Government documents.
For assistance with Government Documents in the library, contact Amelia Thomas at email@example.com or click this link for the Government Documents LibGuide, which has more information on this department.
Let's make sure that those sources you use for your assignments are reliable and credible. There are many sources out there claiming to the real information when, really, they aren't. To make sure they are not "crappy," let's apply the CRAAP test!
No one should ever should CRAAP-y information in any capacity. Remember this acronym and you will always find good stuff!
Source: Blakeslee, Sarah (2004) "The CRAAP Test," LOEX Quarterly: Vol. 31 : No. 3 , Article 4. Available at: https://commons.emich.edu/loexquarterly/vol31/iss3/4.